WHAT IF THE CAREGIVER DIES FIRST?
Few estate plans effectively deal with the common situation in which the caregiver, let’s say the wife, dies before her sick husband. How common is this?
Sixty percent of the time, the caregiving spouse dies before the sick spouse. Got that? Sixty percent of the time.
At first, this statistic seems counterintuitive. Shouldn’t the sick spouse die first? But think about it. Who is getting the proper nutrition? Who is going to their doctor appointments? Who is getting all the care? And who is getting worn out caring for the other?
Sadly, we often see this situation in our practice. Indeed, just to repeat the point, we see it more often than not. If you take away the cases in which the sick spouse has a terminal illness, the statistic is even higher.
Let me go back to the case of my grandmother. My grandfather was disabled for many years, and grandma took care of him with wonderful, diligent care. So diligent, that we had a running joke in our family:
“Grandma, let’s go have some fun this weekend.”
“You go ahead,” she’d say. “We’ll have fun when your grandpa dies.”
And we’d all laugh.
Well, she died in her eighties of that massive heart attack
I discussed earlier. He lived to be ninety-three. I think that taking care of him literally wore her to death. I believe she did not take care of herself properly. It’s hard for me to think about it any other way.
Again and again, my firm sees situations in which one spouse, let’s again say the husband, becomes incapacitated, and for a time, the married couple’s lives together go on functioning with some normality. The wife can manage most things by herself. They have joint accounts, joint tenancy in property, and the wife muddles through to make healthcare decisions for her husband. The couple figures that when he dies, she’ll still be in control of everything through their joint tenancy and joint accounts. So, they never get around to a formal estate plan.
But what if the wife suddenly passes away? Now, the husband lies helpless in his bed, without the mental capacity to manage his own affairs, and everything falls into chaos.
Like Jack in our previous example, let’s say this couple has a responsible daughter named Mary. This Mary is also willing to step in for her dad. But without a living trust naming her as trustee, and without a durable power of attorney, poor Mary will have to go to court and petition for a conservatorship. She will have to hire a lawyer. She will have to be investigated and approved.
Like Bob Jr. in Mistake #10, Mary will have to follow through in the same probate court, maybe in the same courtroom, but for a conservatorship. She will have to go to the courthouse and pass through the metal detectors. Thousands of dollars will have to be spent from the estate, not just to pay for the bills, the property taxes, even the funeral for Mom—but for court and attorney’s fees. If the family assets are large, or some other interested party like a sibling tries to interfere, the amount may be tens or hundreds of thousands of dollars.
Meanwhile, Mary may grow frazzled and debilitated herself. She may have to give up a job to deal with this hassle. She may neglect her kids. She may endanger her relationship with her husband. In the Introduction, I said, “It’s Not about the Money (But It Is about the Money).” In cases like this, it may start out about the money, but in the end, it will be about the hassle. People would often happily give up their inheritance to be rid of the burdens which a death or disability has dropped in their lap.
If you have questions about caregiving or how a living trust can benefit your family, attend one of our seminars.